The European Union
EU biggest donor to Africa
The EU and its Member States together remain the biggest aid donor to Africa. This is a token of their commitment to furthering the MDGs and other development objectives with their African partners; EUR 20.5 billion was disbursed to the continent in 2009. Official Development Aid (ODA) to Sub- Saharan Africa grew by EUR 2.7 billion since 2004, meaning that 26% of the total ODA increase in real terms has been allocated to the African continent. Of the European Commission's external aid funds in 2009, some 40 percent went to Africa.
In 2009, Africa also became the biggest recipient of both combined EU trade-related assistance and aid for trade. The 2009 data also point to a strong increase in aid for trade to the African,
Caribbean and Pacific States, at EUR3.6 billion.
EU financing of the Joint Africa-EU Strategy: different instruments for different needs
To implement the Joint Africa EU Strategy, Africa and the European Union committed to work closely together to secure appropriate funding. The Partnership Document states that the financing of the Joint Africa EU Strategy is a joint responsibility that goes far beyond the European Commission: "Where possible [Community] instruments will be complemented by further contribution by EU Members States. Moreover, whenever possible, African financial instruments and AU Member States shall contribute to this process and an involvement of African financial institutions such as the African Development Bank will be ensured as appropriate ".
The European Commission has made efforts to mainstream the Strategy within the existing instruments within the EU Budget and the European Development Fund (EDF) that will continue during the respective Mid Term Review of the existing national, regional and superregional financial envelopes.
The EU delegation to the African Union has been delegated with the management of several projects. By the end of 2011, the Operations Section at the delegation will be directly responsible for the management of 10 projects amounting to approximately 170Mio Euro. These projects are of pan-African nature. Among the flagship projects of the Delegation is the African Union Support Program (55 Mio. Euro), providing institutional support to the AU and its organs. Other activities also support initiatives across the entire continent, involving studies, workshops and deployment of Technical Assistance. The funding comes both from Community budget lines as well as from the 9th and 10th EDF, notably the Intra-ACP envelope.
List of projects managed by Operational Section at the EU Delegation to the African Union includes:
African Monitoring of Environment for Sustainable Development (AMESD)
Sector: Agriculture, environment and climate change
EU Contribution: € 21 million (including EC funding via RIPs)9th European Development Fund – Intra ACP
Implementing organisation: African Union Commission (AUC)
Duration: 2007 – 2013 (Operational implementation ends in June 2013).
Description: AMESD is a pan-African Program coordinated by the African Union Commission (AUC) which addresses the need for improved environmental monitoring towards sustainable management of natural resources in five regions of sub-Saharan Africa, namely CEMAC, ECOWAS, IGAD, IOC and SADC, involving 48 countries.
The overall objective of the programme is to enhance monitoring for preparedness and adaptation to environmental change, including sustainable management of the environment thereby contributing to poverty alleviation in the poorest area of the world.
The purpose of the programme is to increase the information management capacity of African regional and national institutions in support of decision makers at different levels and to facilitate sustainable access to Africa-wide environmental information derived from Earth Observation technologies.
It is a concrete action within the 6th EU-Africa Partnership on Climate Change and Environment. Synergies exist also with the 8th Partnership on Science, Information Society and Space, focusing on the use of space-based information to support inter alia natural resources and environmental security objectives in Africa.
For further information: www.amesd.org; it is possible to subscribe online to receive html version of AMESD newsletter (already being distributed to Delegations' HoDs and Delegations' general email addresses)
The continental approach is supported by five regional thematic actions (THEMA) prioritized by each of the five RECs and implemented by Regional Implementation Centres (RICs) identified by the RECs. The five THEMAs are implemented through Grant agreements between the AUC and the RICs.
|Regional Thematic Actions (THEMA)|
|Regional Economic Community - REC||Regional Thematic Action – THEMA||Regional Implementation Centre – RIC|
|CEMAC||Management of Water Resources||CICOS, Kinshasa|
|ECOWAS||Water Management for Cropland and Rangeland Management||AGRHYMET, Niamey|
|IGAD||Land Degradation Mitigation and Natural Habitat Conservation||ICPAC, Nairobi|
|IOC||Coastal and Marine Management||MOI, Quatre-Bornes|
|SADC||Agricultural and Environmental Resource Management||BDMS, Gaborone|
Location: Pan-African (Sub-Saharan Africa)
Programme manager: Chiara.firstname.lastname@example.org
Monitoring of Environment and Security in Africa (MESA)
Sector: Agriculture, environment and climate change
EU Contribution: € 20 million (additional EC funding expected via RIPs, up to € 37 million). 10th European Development Fund – Intra ACP
Duration: the programme is planned for the beginning of 2012
Description: The program builds on investment made under AMESD and aims to support of the broader GMES Initiative* in positioning Africa to fully benefit from the progress in Space Earth Observation science, which can provide powerful decision support tools for natural resources management, environmental and security monitoring and communication to support economic transformation, the achievement of the MDGs and sustainable development on the continent. It is prepared in the context of the 6th EU-Africa Partnership on Climate Change and Environment and the 8th Partnership on Science, Information Society and Space.
More specifically it aims at: (i) establishing a framework and long-term cooperation and exchange structure between European and African stakeholders for the development of operational information services in the exploitation of satellite-based and in situ observation data for the monitoring of the environment and security that support environmental management and sustainable development in Africa at the continental, regional and national levels; (ii) enhancing evidence-based decision-making for improved environmental and security management; (iii) improving information services provision responding to African needs; (iv) supporting capacity-building, training and ownership among African stakeholders; (v) supporting appropriate EO and ICT infrastructure; and (vi) building on the achievements of the AMESD project and avoiding important gaps in the transition to the GMES-Africa programme.
Location: Pan African (Sub-Saharan Africa)
EUMETSAT is a global operational satellite agency at the heart of Europe. Our purpose is to gather accurate and reliable satellite data on weather, climate and the environment around the clock, and to deliver them to our Member and Cooperating States, to our international partners, and to users world-wide.
In our increasingly weather-dependent society, satellite data has become indispensible for the National Meteorological Services to forecast the weather at all ranges and to produce timely warnings and other information that support public and private decision making for our social and economic wellbeing.
"Weather and climate monitoring are global challenges, requiring a coordinated, long-term response."
In addition, satellite observations are relevant to climate monitoring. Over the last 30 years, meteorological satellites like Meteosat have indeed accumulated unique records of our changing climate. Their data, together with those of our Metop and Jason low Earth orbiting satellites, will play a major role in the ongoing development of climate services.
Weather and climate monitoring are global challenges, requiring a coordinated, long-term response based on strategic investments in large infrastructure in space and on ground. Indeed, international cooperation forms a fundamental part of our endeavours: in the framework of World Meteorological Organisation, EUMETSAT strives to increase benefits to the user community through cooperation with other satellite operators. We have a fully integrated cooperation with the United States, sharing and exploiting a joint polar system with their National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) which includes two satellites - Metop and NPP Suomi – flying on complementary polar orbits, the so called “mid morning” and “afternoon” orbits. We are also rapidly developing cooperation with satellite operators of China, India, Japan, Korea and Russia to coordinate our respective missions, exchange data and expertise, facilitate distribution of EUMETSAT data world-wide and expand the portfolio of data services available to our Member States.
Our strategic goal is to ensure the continuity and improvement of satellite observations that are vital inputs to the weather, climate and environmental information services delivered by the National Meteorological Services of our Member States for the benefits of the citizens and the economy.
To this end, we operate complex satellite systems around the clock, including a fleet of satellites in three different orbits, we extract a broad range of products from their observations, based on innovative algorithms and processing chains, and we deliver data streams in real time to users over three continents. Looking into the longer term future, we have already started to develop, in cooperation with ESA, the future geostationary and low Earth satellite systems required to deliver and further improve observations in the 2020-2040 timeframe.
JOINT RESEARCH COMMISSION (JRC)
Joint Research Centere
The Joint Research Centre is the scientific and technical arm of the European Commission. It is providing the scientific advice and technical know-how to support a wide range of EU policies. Its status as a Commission service, which guarantees independence from private or national interests, is crucial for pursuing its mission:
"As the Commission's in-house science service, the Joint Research Centre's mission is to provide EU policies with independent, evidence-based scientific and technical support throughout the whole policy cycle.
Working in close cooperation with policy Directorates-General, the JRC addresses key societal challenges while stimulating innovation through developing new methods, tools and standards, and sharing its know-how with the Member States, the scientific community and international partners.
The JRC has seven scientific institutes, located at five different sites in Belgium, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Spain, with a wide range of laboratories and unique research facilities. Through numerous collaborations, access to many facilities is granted to scientists from partner organisations.
The JRC employs around 2750 staff coming from throughout the EU, and its budget comprises €330 million annually, coming from the EU's research budget. Further income is generated through the JRC's participation in indirect actions, additional work for Commission services and contract work for third parties, such as regional authorities and industry. The latest figures are available in the JRC annual report.